Sickness and Recovery

During trekking travel may face different health problems due to change in the environment factors of the traveler. Change in altitude, water, temperature, foods, climate may create various health problems during trekking. Trekkers have to take care of their health during trekking carefully.

The major health problem seen to trekkers during the trekking

  • Altitude sickness
  • Dehydration
  • Blister, foot and leg pain
  • Weakness and diarrhea
  • Lack of Nutrition
  • Frostbite, sunburn, windburn
  • Allergy

Altitude sickness/mountain sickness.

The negative health effect when the trekker is above 2500 m altitude due to adjustment to smaller quantities of oxygen in the air. Oxygen is nearly half in amount then in sea level due to less atmospheric pressure so it creates various problem of trekkers health because of less oxygen in there body. Following are the types of Altitude sickness.

*Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)

*High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)

*High Altitude cerebral Edema (HACE)

Symptoms of Altitude sickness

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue and loss of energy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Problems with sleep
  • Loss of Appetite

Prevention of Altitude sickness

  • Drinks sufficient water more than 5 liter a day.
  • Treks at altitude should avoid big single-day gains in elevation (more than 1,500 vertical feet).
  • You will acclimatize better if you expose yourself to higher altitudes but return to a lower altitude to sleep.
  • Eat extra carbohydrates such as nuts and chocolates due to need of more calories at high altitude.
  • Avoid the Alcohol, cigarettes and different types of drugs items.
  • Consult the doctor before the trip and take Diamox (Acetazolamide).
  • First aid of altitude sickness to the victim
  • The victim of altitude sickness descend to lower altitude as far as possible after the severe symptoms.
  • Give oxygen and plenty of liquid to victim if possible.
  • Keep the victim rest in a warm place.
  • Give the medicine
  • If possibility for severe symptoms the victim is seen to the doctor or taken to health center.

 

Dehydration

While walking the amount of water present in the trekker’s body is lost in the form of sweat so, due to dehydration the traveler faced different health problems and weakness in the body. Trekkers have to kept pure and clean water with themselves and drink plenty of water. In Nepal, mountain area trekkers don’t find the mineral water so take a purified water tablet from the city.

Blister on foot and leg pain

If the shoes doesn’t fit in the trekker’s leg after a long walk there is a possibilities of seen blister in the foot. So trekkers should buy comfortable and fit shoe from the shoe center perfectly. If you have sign of developing blister you can use Blister prevention stick or Blister plaster.

Who don’t have experience of long walk might have leg pain so before the trekking you have to get  little experience from the morning walk, cycling, fitness center and some sports.

Weakness and diarrhoea

Huge amount of energy is lost from trekker’s body during trekking. If sufficient amount of nutrition’s is not supply to the body then possibility of weakness is seen in trekker’s body. High reach calorie’s food and proper rest should be taken by trekkers for remedy of weakness.

Due to lack of pure water in the body it may causes dehydration and diarrhoea. Polluted water is another main cause of diarrheoa. Sometimes food poisoning creates diarrhoea that’s why trekking have to take proper care about water and foods.

Lack of Nutrition

Tiredness after long journey creates loss of appetites. Body doesn’t get sufficient amount of nutrition’s so trekkers have to supply nutrition’s rich food to the body properly.

Frostbite, sunburn, windburn

Trekking at subalpine and alpine climate in the mountainous area have high possibility of frostbite to the trekkers. Frostbite makes trekkers body injury especially in nose, fingers, toes of the feet resulting gangrene.  Trekkers have to take care of their body from cold, wearing a good shoes and shocks, good globes and mask.

Trekkers have to face sun and wind throughout the journey. During journey there is possibilities of sun and wind burn which may occurs especially in mid-day that causes serious infection in the body. For the prevention from sun and wind burn trekkers have to wear wind proof jacket, trousers, hat and uses sun cream.

Allergy

Depending upon the trekker’s different allergy may occurs in their body. Some trekkers causes sun allergy, some have cold allergy, some have climate allergy   depending upon their body so take care from sun, water, air, cold etc.

Note: – Our company representative always carry first aid box with him/her. If you have any problem mention to him or call directly to the director 977-9851219412.

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